Basic Candle Making


Candle making is a craft that has been around for centuries – in fact, some believe it dates all the way back to Ancient Egypt and Rome! Whether you are looking to get started with candle making or want to add a new skill set to your repertoire, there are some basic elements all candle makers should master. In this article, we will introduce the essential principles of candle making, so that you can start crafting wonderful candles!

The basic tools and materials needed for candle making include wax, wick, containers or molds for the candles, thermometers for measuring wax temperature and dye or scent chips to enhance the finished product. If you’re just starting out, paraffin or beeswax are good waxes to work with as they’re easy to use. Wicks come in different sizes for different types of container or moulded candles; using too thin a wick can cause the flame to flicker and an excessively thick one might cause excessive smoke. The type of container or mold chosen will determine what kind of design it can be both inside and out. Thermometers will help ensure accuracy when pouring hot wax into any moulds/containers. Finally, colour chips can be used to give different colours while scent chips will also provide decorative visual effect as well as beautiful fragrance once lit.

Safety measures must also be taken when dealing with molten wax; rubber gloves and eye protection should always be worn when dealing with hot substances like wax during the candle-making process. Once all the supplies have been gathered, follow closely any instructions indicated on relevant labels such as those found on dye packs and kits. As with any other craft, practice makes perfect so don’t be discouraged if your first few tries don’t turn out quite as expected ” keep at it!

Gather Your Supplies

When starting out with basic candle making, the first step is to gather all the necessary supplies. You will need wax, wicks, dyes and fragrances for customization. Wax can come in many different forms, including beeswax, paraffin and soy wax. Wicks should be chosen according to the type of wax you decide on ” some wicks may not work with certain types of wax. Additionally, you will need dye to give your candles color or create interesting patterns or designs. Many dyes are available in powder form that can be easily dissolved into melted wax. Lastly, adding fragrance is a great way to make your candles smell nice. Fragrance oils are commonly used and come in various scents to choose from. With these materials at hand, you can now begin creating beautiful handmade candles!

Safety First

Safety is important when it comes to candle making. Whether you’re working on your own or with a group, you want your workspace to be clean and clutter-free. Wear appropriate clothing, such as natural fibers that won’t melt if wax is spilled on them. Use tongs, oven mitts and other heat-resistant tools, as well as goggles and gloves for protection from burns. Have several large, metal containers available for melted wax. Keep all tools and materials away from pets, children and open flames or high-temperature surfaces. Make sure the area around your workstation has been cleared of anything that may become a fire hazard if splashed with hot wax. Work on a level surface to prevent accidents. Be sure to read the safety label on all products used in candle making before handling them. Finally, check the local fire codes in your area before beginning any candle making project.

Melting the Wax

When it comes to making candles, melting the wax is one of the most important steps. Selecting the right temperature for melting your wax is a vital part of successful candle making. It’s important to familiarise yourself with the type of wax you are using and determine which temperature range is best suited for it. Generally, paraffin wax should be heated to a temperature between 50 – 60°C while beeswaxBees and soy wax should be heated to a lower temperature of around 45-50°C. To ensure safe working conditions, it is recommended that you use a digital thermometer when heating your wax so that you can precisely adjust the heat as needed.

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After selecting an appropriate temperature for melting your wax, it’s important to ensure that you pour it carefully and accurately into your mold or wick holder. Using an accurate pouring technique will help to ensure uniformity in the shape of your finished candles and will make them look more aesthetically pleasing after cooling. You may need some practice before you master this skill but with perseverance it will become second nature over time! Finally, remember to take all appropriate safety precautions when pouring your molten wax such as wearing gloves and glasses at all times when dealing with hot liquids and making sure that kids or pets don’t come into contact with any open flames or spilled wax during this process.

Infusing Colors and Fragrances

One way to take your candle making to the next level is by adding color dyes and fragrances. When infusing your candles with scents and hues, it’s important that you use quality products to achieve the best results. Using dyes, fragrance oils and essential oils in the right proportions is key. Dyes, for example, allow you to customize the look of your candle and make them stand out even more. Fragrance Oils can add an array of delightful scents to your candles but should be used sparingly since they can easily overpower a room. Essential oils, while more expensive than their synthetic counterparts, are often favored by more experienced makers because of their natural ingredients and beautiful aromas. Combining several of these different elements together when crafting your candles gives you a truly unique experience that everyone will be sure to love!

Pouring the Candles

Positioning the wicks properly is essential to successful candle making. Each mold should be set up with a wick pin or tab at the bottom. This should be centered and straight so that when the liquid wax is poured into the mold, the wick will stay stable while drying. Depending on the size of your container, you can use a pre-tabbed wick or one with an anchor end. When using an anchor end, add a little melted wax to the tab before inserting it into the mold to make sure it stays in place.

Once you have the wicks positioned correctly, you need to maintain pour temperatures for pouring candles of any kind. Generally, pour temperatures should be between 90-120°F for soy wax, 130-180°F for paraffin wax and 145-170°F for beeswax melts. It is important to note that all waxes may react differently depending on their dye content, additives and fragrances so check closely with your supplier for recommended pouring temperatures when using these types of conditions.

When melting your wax, monitor closely as it can burn and affect your finished product if overheated. Stir periodically to help melt the temperature more evenly throughout and never leave unattended on a heat source such as a hot plate or double boiler system. Always use a thermometer to check accurate temperatures before pouring into any kind of molds ” this will help ensure each candle burns evenly throughout its lifespan.

Finishing Touches

Once you have made your candles, there are a few final steps to complete them. First, you will want to trim the wicks. This helps the candles to burn better and more evenly. Using scissors or nail clippers, carefully cut the wicks back to about 1/8 to 1/4 of an inch in length. For larger candles, use short-handled pruning shears or looped wick trimmers instead.

How Much Wax Do You Need To Make A Candle

Next, you may want to add some embellishments such as ribbons, stickers, labels, or other decorations of your choice. These can make your candles look even more special and eye-catching.

Finally, it is important to do some quality control. Make sure that all of your pins and containers are secure so that your customers will receive safe products. Additionally, check for any cracks in the wax or air bubbles that would affect its burning quality or appearance. By doing this last step of candle making before packaging them up for sale, you can be sure that each finished candle will meet your high standards for craftsmanship and excellence of quality.


Presentation is an important part of making candles, and if done right, it can help you make more sales or gifts. One way to showcase your creations is to display them in a neat and attractive way. Consider using clear jars or votive holders to display the candle before it’s used, using various shapes and designs that compliment each other. You can also use colored tissue paper or wrapping paper to surround smaller candles, giving the gift of a special experience when opened.

When it comes to packaging up a batch of candles to be given as gifts, there are many fun and creative ways for showing off your work. Try purchasing themed boxes or tins for assembling multiple candles together as a set”for instance during the holiday season, you could pick out festive containers like ornament-shaped tins or decorative boxes featuring holiday-themed picture prints. Finish things off with embellishments like ribbons and stickers for a special touch! Additionally, adding labels either directly on the candle wax or on gift tags placed around the neck of each container will make sure your recipient knows exactly what they’re receiving at each turn.


Pro Tips:
1. Experiment with wicks of differing sizes and materials to find the one that works best for your candles.
2. Be sure to use fragrance oils specifically made for candlemaking, rather than essential oils, because they create a longer lasting scent.
3. Avoid scents that contain phenols since they can discolor the wax or dissolve it over time.
4. Carefully consider which waxes and colorants are best suited for the type of candle you’re making, such as vegetable-based waxes for container candles or paraffin wax for pillar candles.
5. Concentrate on perfecting each step of the process as you develop an eye for perfection in every aspect of your candles from pouring to styling them after curing or cooling.

1. Craftsy online classes offer various courses on advanced candlemaking techniques such as beginning soapmaking and mold making tutorials, so that you can efficiently create custom pieces at a fraction of the cost without having to buy expensive equipment or materials upfront.
2. YouTube is another great source filled with videos from experts and aspiring makers alike featuring reviews on various tools and supplies, demonstrations on technique practice tips, troubleshooting solutions, and other helpful advice related to different kinds of candle making projects like container pouring and layering colors in tarts or votives..
3. Candle chemistry books can provide an abundance of knowledge on specialty topics such as calculating how much wick length you need per container size/container shape/soy content etc., so there’s always something new to learn!

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