Candle Making Terminologies


Candle making has been around for thousands of years, even dating back to ancient times. It is believed that the first candles were made from a combination of tallow and daub ” animal fat and clay. From there, candle making evolved over hundreds of years with some cultures creating extravagant candles from many different materials including beeswax, vegetable wax, bayberry, and even whale oil.

Today, modern candle makers can choose among an array of wax types including paraffin and soy wax in addition to newer options like coconut wax or palm wax as new ingredients become available as well as colorants, fragrances and wicks to make unique handmade creations.

While not all terms associated with candle making will be known by all artisans who craft these beautiful pieces of artwork, there are some basics that you should be aware of if you’re looking to dive into this fascinating art form.

One term associated with candle making is “blending” which is the combining or mixing together multiple fragrances to create new scents within a single candle. Another term is “cold throw” which refers to the scent released when adding ingredients such as fragrance oils on top of already-melted wax in your double boiler setup or other melting equipment. Cold throw can also refer to how much scent a candle releases when it isn’t burning. Additionally, cold process soap makers often refer to ‘hot process’ where instead of cooling soap in the mold overnight it is cooked in a crock pot or similar device until done so it can be unmolded sooner than waiting 24 hours for things like swirls and layers to set up correctly and completely cool down before handling. Hot pour candles are created faster using a pour pot where hot molten wax is nearly ready right out-of-the-pot as hot pouring temperatures help time and money so more products can be sold without waiting several days before they’re able to fulfill orders more quickly. Last but not least is votive candles which are small beeswax containers with an embedded wick inside that require heat a source (like hot water) or places extremely close proximity melt the relief cups containing them before they light themselves either manually with matches or automatically with electric fire starters used today in many restaurants.

Different Candle Wax Types and How to Choose the Right One

Paraffin Wax: Paraffin wax is a common type of wax used in candle making. It is derived from petroleum and therefore inexpensive, providing a high melt point for a consistent burn. Paraffin wax is the most versatile type of wax available and can be easily scented. Additionally, it creates vibrant and distinctive colors when combined with dyes or pigments.

Soy Wax: Soy wax is becoming more popular among candle makers because it is made from hydrogenated soybean oil and burns cleaner than paraffin wax. This vegan-friendly alternative releases less soot into the air, making it much healthier to use indoors. Soy wax requires a low melting point of 120 degrees Fahrenheit and can hold a slightly larger amount of fragrance than paraffin wax.

Beeswax: Beeswax has been used in candle making for thousands of years; it’s produced by honey bees collected from their hives or farms. Beeswax is considered to be one of the purest and natural types of candle waxes available; however, its smoke point means that candles made with beeswax will emit no scent, although some candles are blended with fragrance oils as well as other types of quality waxes for a deeper aroma release.

Palm Wax: Palm wax has become increasingly popular due to its creamy white hue and unique crystalline finish when cooled meaning each creation will shine from within with intricate designs appearing on its surface after cooling down ” similar to snowflakes! The denser texture resists pooling and has better adhesion characteristics which help avoid tunneling or over-burns when lit making this great go-to alternative amongst hobbyists and professionals alike! It’s also important to note that palm wax produces significantly less soot compared to paraffin varieties so you won’t have experiences associated with the traditional candles made using the latter waxy material!

Essential Tools & Equipment for Making Candles

Essential tools and equipment for making candles include a heat source, wax melting pot or double boiler, wick holders, wick tabbing tools, wick centering tools, thermometer, pouring pitcher or ladle, pouring mat, and molds. The heat source is typically either a stovetop burner or a professional wax melting heater. The double boiler alternative is commonly used as an indirect heat source to help avoid scorching the wax while melting it. Wick holders are items used to maintain the positioning of the wick as the candle cools; this could be anything from a clothespin clip to a specialized wicking holder tool. Wick tabbing tools are typically pliers that allow you to securely affix the wicking to the bottom of your mold. A thermometer allows makers to ensure that their heated wax has reached its ideal temperature before adding dyes and fragrances. Pouring pitchers or ladles are items designed to help transfer molten wax from one vessel to another safely and with great control over how much is dispensed. Pouring mats protect surfaces from inevitable splatters during candle making processes like pouring mangled wax into containers. Lastly, molds can be anything from glass jars and cans to intricate shapes and decorative forms made out of metal or silicone; they determine the ultimate shape of your finished candles!

Understanding the Different Types of Wicks

When it comes to candle making, one of the most important components is the wick. The type of wick you choose for your candles will determine what kind of appearance each one takes, how long the burn lasts, and even how much smoke the candle emits. There are a few different types of wicks commonly used in candle making: cotton wicks, metal cores, hemp core wicks, wooden wicks, paper core wicks, and zinc core wicks.

Cotton Wicks: Cotton is a common material for candle-making because it’s sturdy yet easy to work with. Choosing the right size of cotton wick depends on types of wax you’re using”the larger the container or melted wax pool size is, the wider or taller your preferred wick should be; it also affects how steady and even your flames will be while burning. If a cotton wick is too thin or weak for its given liquid pool size, then it won’t burn evenly as they flicker and bow over time instead of staying upright on their own.

Mideivel Candle Making

Metal Cores: Metal core wicks adhere better than other types of material inside harder jars and containers filled with liquid wax pooled on top. This common feature makes them great for votives and general purpose jars where there might not be too much space between the bottom of the jar and top part filled with melt wax due to their slimmer build.

Hemp Core Wicks: Hemp core wicks tend to perform well in both natural (soy) and softer paraffin waxes whose texture adheres well to long stands of hemp fibre material studied within these unique designs. Connected by strips or tissue papers that go through their middle sections during production assembly”which acts as an added boost in providing structure when fully unpacked with curved supports”hemp core wicks range from fine threads to thicker versions based on how wide their forms are designed at times leading up to large bundles made from smaller component parts.

Wooden Wicks: Wooden wicks always require some kind special prepping before being ready for use in any candle project such as light sanding around each cut end if necessary before lighting up just so its fibers don’t stray away any flame generated sound when touched together afterwards like regular cotton type ones would normally do when touching burning pools around them during normal operation usage hours otherwise; this also helps prevent high smoking occurrences often seen associated later on while burning routine projects featuring this particular style correctly followed underneath each time tested instance involving ideas presented forth within upcoming sections after earlier written notes fanning downwards along slowly across parchment paper documents exposed outside many main archival centers found worldwide near diverse communities located along far flung remote outlier counties existing online daily shared via freely distributed networks spanning anywhere close enough recently updated countless conversations stretching forward until new updates arrive untouched completely upfront without leaving unexpected surprises behind beforehand left unknown previously hidden inside unnoticed blog stamped posted spaces directly seating participating listeners quietly situated tidily held stable firmly seated right upon scheduled timed occurrences landing safely tucked beside prebooked immediate online transactions running quietly smoothly occurring through specifically authorized zones quickly arriving throughout extensive detailed emailed messages bursting brightly lit 24/7 worldwide news articles circulating rapidly throughout entire world media outlets dashing further ahead

Scenting & Coloring Techniques for Different Candle Types

Scenting and coloring techniques for different types of candles depend largely on the type of wax used to make them. For example, soy candles require more scent per pound of wax than paraffin candles because soy has absorbing qualities that makes it difficult for fragrances to stay within the candle. As such, double scented soy candles are recommended when pouring with this wax. Coloring depends largely on the type of wick used as well, since some wicks require a higher melting point when burning, which affects flame color, shine and texture. For conventional standard paraffin waxes, dye blocks are the most common choice for colorants, but liquid dyes should be used with water-soluble waxes like beeswax or gel candles. Determining which colors work best with your candle can also depend on the type of fragrance you choose – certain colors may enhance certain scents or create new shades of colors that you don’t expect! In addition to these options, you can always experiment by blending colors together to produce unique effects.

Adding Embellishments and Accessories to the Candles

When creating a candle, it’s important to not only focus on the wax itself, but also the embellishments and accessories that will be used when creating the candle. Accessories can range from scent oils, colorants, and molds to decorative items like beads, ribbons, and glitter. The scent oil is what will give your candle its own unique aroma. Colorants are added for aesthetic purposes and are typically made from food-grade dyes or paraffin wax for non-toxic options. Molds provide structure and shape to the candles which provides them with a professional-looking finish. Decorative items such as beads provide extra texture while glitter can add some sparkle to your candlestick by adding an additional layer of glimmering elements. Adding those accessories can make your candle look more luxurious and eye catching.

The Art of Fragrance Blending

Fragrance blending is an important part of the candle making process. It involves combining different fragrance oils in order to create unique scents that represent the passionate work of a true candle artisan. The art of mixing and matching intense aromas is as varied as the ways in which one may choose to mix essential oils, natural ingredients, and customized creations. When it comes to fragrance blending, there are several key concepts that must be considered.

First, the intensity of a given fragrance should be considered when deciding what combination will create the desired aroma. Skilled candle makers can adjust and compliment their blends by changing both the strength and type of oils used in their mixtures. Furthermore, some fragrances may need additional alteration such as dilution or further warming while others may not require any additional attention at all. Combining familiar scents in new ways also serves to broaden ones range of options when creating new flavors or customizing existing products.

Second, another important aspect to consider when fragrance blending is layering: adding one oil over another or tinkering with ingredient concentrations until the signature scent is achieved. Each individual layer compliments each other and builds upon one another while giving an otherwise simple blend something truly complex and interesting. When layering different combinations together, it is important to document each step along the way so that future recipes may be replicated with ease.

Finally, precision when measuring each blend is essential for producing consistent results from batch-to-batch as well as moderating undesirable effects like choking fumes or overly powerful smells; both situations can irritate clients and discourage them from purchasing items from your business altogether! Taking notes on each successive blend allows for potential adjustments should problems arise throughout production cycles so remember to jot down quantities for quick reference during future runs for pinpoint accuracy!

Kirstie Allsopp Candle Making Kit

Step-by-Step Guide to Designing Professionally Made Candles

1. Preparation: Before starting your candle making project, it is important to thoroughly prepare yourself, your work area and materials you plan to use. Gathering all the materials you will need for the project – such as wax, wicks, molds and dyes – beforehand can prevent any hiccups along the way and help keep you on track with your design process.

2. Melting: The first step of your candle-making journey is melting the wax down. If using a traditional pot of water and stove method, ensure that there is enough room in the pot to submerge your wax chunks or blocks while controlling heat settings to reach a safe temperature. If using pre-tabbed candles, nearly all of this process has already been done for you, leaving the candle base ready for use!

3. Flavoring/Coloring: After melting your wax down or opening up your pre-tabbed candles base, add essential oils or dye chips to create pleasant fragrances and colors within the wax. For best results in scent throw off (fragrance intensity), consider adding a candle booster such as LIT Fragrance Boosters at this step for an extra strong burst of fragrance in every melt pool without sacrificing quality or performance of your finished product.

4. Pouring: Once all desired flavorings/colors have been added to completely melted wax ensuring that it reaches its optimum temperature where bubbles are agitated but not released from the liquid base will provide not just proper pour texture but also an evenly colored end product avoiding any misshapen effects from temp drops in quicker cooling times. Once poured into prepared molds make sure to allow ample cooling times dependent on size variations in individual pieces being crafted.

5. Wicking: After pouring and allowing ample distance between each container walls during cooldown processes you may then insert centerpiece wick (if needed) placing one end deep into each appropriate end wall forming visible wierd center trail(s). Optionally securing each strand ends towards bottom with adhesive weigt bars can aid straight growth while keeping them centered within pillars during burning stages so they burn through just like clockwork! Lastly fastening metal bottoms against lid covers also greatly helps contain essential oil scented fragrances during transportations etcetera ensuring that customer satisfaction remains top notch!

Curing & Storage Methods for Candles

Curing: Curing is the process of removing the humidity from freshly made candles. It allows for a more even burn, prevents tunneling in jar candles, and increases scent throw. Generally, candles should be cured for at least 48 hours before burning them. The exact amount of curing time needed depends on the type and size of candle, as well as the temperature and humidity of your workspace.

Storage Methods: The two most important rules when it comes to proper storage are: keep candles cool and away from light. Storing them in an area that isn’t exposed to direct sunlight or high temperatures is key to keeping them in the best shape possible. You should also avoid storing them in humid locations or exposing them to extreme temperature changes which can cause cracking or discoloration. Finally, make sure your containers are completely sealed with lids or tight fitting tops so they don’t collect dust or debris.

Troubleshooting Tips for Common Candle Making Problems

Troubleshooting tips for common candle making problems can help you get the most out of your candle-making session. Here are three of the most common problems and their solutions:

1. Soot Buildup at the Wick: While burning, wicks may release soot which can build up on the surface of the candle and spoil its appearance. The best way to prevent this is by ensurance that proper air circulation is available around the flame. It’s also important to use wicks that are appropriate for your wax type since some types of wicks will clog more quickly than others.

2. Bleeding Wax: If you’ve added color or scent to your candle, there’s a chance that it might start bleeding either due to too much temperature difference between layers or by adding too much pigment in one specific area. To prevent this from happening, it’s important to make sure you melt your wax at a moderate temperature and avoid pouring additional colored wax into a hot one as this leads to melting away from other liquids in the mixture and hence separation.

3. Cracks or Holes Forming During Cooling Stages: This problem usually happens when cooling temperatures change abruptly or when wax sets without sufficient support walls like those provided by molds and containers used for candle-making processes. To maintain an even temperature throughout each step, try placing your candles on an insulated surface as they cool off or lightly covering them with an article of clothing (like an old shirt) while allowing them room to breathe until cooled completely.


Candle making terminology has had an ever-growing presence in our lives for centuries. From the earliest candles made of animal fat, to modern day paraffin wax or soy candles, we have relied on these terminology to give us light and warmth during times when electricity wasn’t available. Candle making terminology has also seen a resurgence because of its popularity among crafters who enjoy making beautiful repurposed objects. It not only allows them to create stunning candles, but to also become part of a long, rich history that has been passed down through the generations. In addition to its creative potential, candle making terminology is also important in terms of safety protocols. Knowing the difference between a combustible, flammable and nonflammable substance can help prevent accidents. Overall, candle making terminology helps us shape our everyday activities and rediscover lost skills and knowledge, while providing us with greater control over possible hazards in our home environment.

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