Who Created The Candle


The earliest known candles date back to around 200 BC, when ancient people began using a primitive form of candle constructed from rushes soaked in melted tallow. Over the years, candles have been used as a form of light source, as well as for ritualistic and cultural reasons.

Since its inception, many individuals have helped shape the evolution of the candle. One notable example is Lev Chashnite, who invented the modern beeswax candle during her matriarchal reign during the 8th century AD. She revolutionized rudimentary wax candles into sophisticated beeswax creations that were sweet-smelling and burned brightly with an even flame.

In 14th-century Europe, another innovator emerged: Wilhelm von Ockham. Von Ockham developed a much sturdier version of beeswax candles that could burn up to 4 hours instead of the normal half hour – this allowed worshippers to keep churches illuminated for much longer stretches of time without having to constantly replace extinguished tapers.

By the 19th century, several new materials had become widely available that enabled candle making to reach increasingly advanced levels: paraffin wax was harvested from crude oil reserves while stearic acid was derived from beef fat or other animal fat sources. It was during this period that Abraham Lincoln’s father Thomas helped pioneer ways to produce ever stronger and more efficient candles from animal fats and petroleum products with quality dyes used for coloring them so their hues suited particular occasions.

Ultimately, it has been a collective effort – ranging from medieval matriarchs to 19th-century inventors – that has shaped the history and development of one of humanity’s most ancient forms of illumination and tradition: The Candle.

Ancient Origins of Candles

In ancient times, people relied on natural materials to make light. Some of the earliest known methods include burning wood and oils such as whale oil and vegetable oils from plants like olives and poppies. Ancient Egyptians are credited with refining this technique by soaking reeds in melted animal fat and then allowing them to solidify back into sticks that could be used for wick material for primitive oil lamps.

Lighting candles may have become more popular during the Middle Ages; although tallow candles were known to exist in antiquity, they weren’t widely used until around 1000AD. The crude tallow was often made by simply melting animal fat and pouring it around a handle or stick as a wick. The flame was often smoky but provided illumination either in public spaces or private homes where fireplaces could not reach. Beeswax had to be imported from distant locations, so it was also too expensive for widespread use until much later in history.

Candle makers used other natural resources too such as resins, tree sap, fats and waxes from various species of bees. For example, Chinese people harvested shed cicada shells each year just before their molting season began; they filled these tiny empty shells with beeswax to create candles known as “Cicada lights.” This practice has endured into modern times; some cultures still make small candles using cicada shells today.

Candle Compositions

The exact person responsible for the creation of candles is unknown, but many historians agree that candle making began in ancient China and Egypt 4,000 years ago. The first candles were likely made from tallow, an animal fat (most commonly from either cattle or sheep). These tallow candles had a short burn time and gave off a smoky smell.

As candle making techniques developed, oil, like vegetable oils and fish oil, was used to make candlesticks as well. In Europe during the Middle Ages, beeswax candles came into popular use with churches and state facilities, because of their clean burning properties. Synagogue and cathedral lighting were largely sustained by beeswax candles throughout Europe in the 15th century. Other types of waxes used for candle composition include bayberry wax from bayberries, conceal wax from eggs and spermaceti from whale blubber.

In modern times, paraffin wax has become prevalent, as it has a consistently high melting point and flammable properties that enable it to retain fragrances well while giving off bright light when burned. Paraffin is often blended with other waxes like palm and soybean to create more specialised use candles like container and pillar candles. Additionally, various synthetic materials can be added to alter the flames colour; these materials are somewhat toxic so they may not be suitable for certain uses like food decoration or aromatherapy.

Bigenners Book On Candle Making

The Development of CandleWicks

Early candles were made with tallow, and a “wick” was needed to keep the fire burning, which it did by drawing in liquid fuel from the melted wax. The earliest known candlewicks date back to around 200 BC, when Egyptian priests used rushes soaked in beeswax and then allowed them to dry so that they formed stout fibers. During this same time period, Chinese officials began making twisted papers or piths from rice plants and dipping them into beeswax or fish oils. This allowed their wicks to produce brighter flames than those wicks composed of rushes.

Later on, during the Middle Ages, splints of linen fabric or hemp rope proved to be much more efficient at burning with a brighter flame. These strands of flax fiber were twisted several times around as many pieces of thread as possible hand-held before being dipped into liquid wax. During the 16th century, Europeans began using cotton for their wicks after British sailors brought the material home from India. Cotton burned more slowly but produced much brighter flames than linen had been able to offer; it is still primarily used in modern day candles today.

The 1800s provided some technological advancements which forever transformed how candlewicks were made; The most significant advance was the invention of a machine capable of mass-producing cotton cores covered in zinc oxide which caused a slower burning action and less smoke production than ever before thought possible. Towards the end of the century other machines became available as well such as an automated “bobbin” machine which could rapidly produce tiny interlocking coils instead of just wide flat ribbons like previous machines had been able to make efficiently. These bobbin wicks produced even more controlled temperatures and brighter light outputs than the earlier versions had been able to accomplish over time exponentially improving both safety and quality standards across industries around the world.

Pioneers of Candle Making

The history of candle making dates back to pre-historic humans, who would make use of sources from nature, such as beeswax and animal fat, to make primitive candles. Ancient Egyptians were the first to use wax obtained from certain species of insects for their candles. In fact, the candle became one of their most important symbols in religion and rituals.

In India, candle making improved during 13th century AD as cotton wicks replaced animal fat-based candles. Later on in China and Japan, processed insect wax was used regularly for making candles during the 18th century. The practice spread to Europe late in the 16th century when beeswax was extensively used in the creation of high-quality church candles.

From the mid 17th century till early 20th century, improvements kept occurring with regards to both quality and quantity production of candles. Most notably, Joseph Morgan developed a machine that could mass produce multiple cylinders at once by dipping a core into successive tanks containing hot liquid wax. Other significant developments through time included German inventor Jesse Merwin’s tubular wick which increased combustion area resulting in higher light intensity, Richard Stubs’ invention of how to manufacture molds from struck tubes and Augustus Walter’s method for obtaining paraffin out of coal tar byproduct oil in 1868. This breakthrough allowed for the commercial production of common everyday candles made from paraffin wax instead of other expensive ingredients like beeswax or plant waxes.

Although it is difficult to pinpoint a single figure as having invented or created the modern day candle, it is fair to say that historians owe a great appreciation for many famous inventors who contributed towards pushing candle production technology over centuries as mentioned above.

Benefits of Using Candles

The first use of candles dates back to the Paleolithic era, when animal fats and tallow were used to make fire and light. Ancient Romans later perfected the art of candle-making by using molten wax from bees and spermaceti from sperm whales.

When comparing different sources of lighting, there are a host of benefits associated with using candles, especially compared to artificial lighting. For instance, candles naturally boost moods with their inviting glow and pleasant scent. Additionally, they help create a cozy atmosphere in any space – something that can be difficult to accomplish when relying on florescent or halogen bulbs. Candles also offer aesthetics that no other form of lighting may replicate; they provide a perfect source of decorative illumination appropriate for celebrations or holidays as well as everyday life.

Making Candle At Home

In contrast to candles, electric lights run off energy currents generated by electrical power plants. This makes them much cheaper than natural light sources but due to this consumption of energy, they cost a bit more money in the long term. Furthermore, while these artificial lighting sources are convenient in areas without any external light source (like bedrooms) their obnoxious hums can make it hard for some people to sleep soundly at night. Lastly, with electricity costs rising almost every month electric lights tend to be an expensive lighting option over time.

In closing, there are several tangible benefits that come with using candles for light instead of traditional means such as fluorescent or LED bulbs; including setting a cozy ambience in any room with its warm glow and pleasant scent in addition to creating decorative illumination appropriate for any occasion without breaking the bank monthly on energy bills.

Candle Alternatives

The candle itself was first invented in China over two thousand years ago. Ancient civilizations used natural oil lamps and animal fat-soaked wicks until they discovered that wax produced a more consistent, longer-lasting form of light. Using beeswax or tallow to make taper candles, the Chinese were able to burn larger, longer lasting lights and place them around their homes and temples. In the Middle Ages and into the Renaissance period, candles made from plant-based stearin wax were popular in monarchies and churches. Today, nearly all traditional candles are either made using paraffin wax (the most abundant type) or beeswax as a base material.

As concern over our carbon footprint has grown, so have advancements in technological alternatives to traditional candles. Companies have been researching efficient LED lighting systems for indoor settings, such as smart bulbs and strips of controlled illuminating tape for subtle ambiance that uses far less energy than an open flame does. Solar power is another energy source gaining traction with outdoor lighting technology such as solar accents for gardens or walkways that use rainwater or even wind to generate their own renewable source of light. And modern candle companies themselves now offer soy or plant based products designed to minimize sootemissions when burned — a great advancement when considering air quality sustainability.


The use of candles can have an immense impact in our lives today. Firstly, they are a source of light, inviting warmth and illumination into any room. When the lights go out—whether due to a power outage or simply because we’re looking for something romantic to set the mood—candles are often our first refuge. Candles offer us a sense of security and comfort when we’re feeling alone or confused, as well as grounding energy when we’re overwhelmed. With their soft glow and delicate aroma, they bring peace and balance in our stressful lives.

Candles also have great spiritual significance in many cultures around the world. Some burn them during religious ceremonies to signify purification, while others practice candle magic for healing purposes or to connect with the divine. In addition to providing emotional support, candles are also symbolic for making wishes come true by lighting a path forward on one’s spiritual journey. They can even be used to cast spells and perform miracles-of-the-heart such as healing physical pain or manifesting desired outcomes when placed in certain areas within our homes. Furthermore, candles create an atmosphere conducive to deep conversation and meaningful reminiscence – reunions with family and friends become more meaningful with some special candlelight moments!

In short, nobody knows who exactly created the candle; however its many uses show that its purpose has been fulfilled since ancient times until present day – allowing us to find comfort and security in its warm embrace no matter what faith or practice we believe in. In modern times, candles continue to make a positive contribution by infusing any space with positive energy and helping us find clarity when facing hardships life throws at us. Ultimately, if used consciously with respect and intention, candles can be powerful tools both emotionally and spiritually – leading towards success on all levels of life!

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