How To Start Making Candles


Making candles can be an enjoyable and therapeutic hobby, especially as it allows you to play with colors, textures and scents! Many people incorporate the activity in their lifestyle to practice mindfulness. With some simple supplies, you will be able to start making your own candles at home.

There are a variety of benefits that come with candle making beyond the creative expression it brings. It is both environmentally friendly (when using natural ingredients and waxes) and cost-effective. You can also make great gifts for family or friends by personalizing them with colors or fragrances that appeal to them most.

Before you jump into making candles, it is important to decide what kind of projects you intend on doing: a tea light holder, scented soy candles, gel-based crafts etc. Then you can choose from thermoset plastics or liquid paraffin waxes like soy wax, beeswax and more for your project prior to selecting an embellishment such as colorants, scents, herbs and other decorative items like glitter flakes. Make sure the type of wax will flatter the type of project you are working on; for example beeswax would not be suitable for a tealight holder but might work nicely for a pillar candle. Experimenting with different embellishments is fun and will let your creativity shine!

Gather Your Supplies

Making your own candles can be a creative and fun experience. Before you begin, you’ll need to have a few supplies on hand:

Wax Melting Pot ” This is an essential for melting wax for making your candles. It’s best to look for one with temperature control so that you can accurately heat the wax to the ideal temperature.

Fragrance Oils ” Fragrance oils will give your candle its signature smell and aroma. Be sure to purchase an appropriate oil listed as “OK for use in candles”.

Wick & Wick Holders ” You’ll need these components to create the flame of your candle. Make sure the ratio between wick and wax is correct for the size of candle you are making.

Pouring Pot ” A pouring pot allows you to easily dispense heated liquid wax without creating a mess.

Safety Equipment ” When dealing with hot materials, it is important to make sure you have the proper safety equipment like oven mitts, safety glasses, and protective clothing handy in case of any accidents or spills.

Ignition Tool ” An ignition tool such as a match or lighter helps spark up the fire of your candle when it’s time to burn it.

Once you’ve gathered all the necessary supplies, it’s time to start creating! To get started, follow these general steps: 1) Prepare and melt Wax 2) While wax melts stir fragrance oil into melted wax 3) Pour melted mixture into container 4) Let candle cool 5) Cut Wick 6) Light CandleWhen making candles, it’s important to always follow manufacturer instructions closely and exercise caution when working with heat and flammable items like wax and fragrance oils”accidents do happen! Therefore, having a fire extinguisher nearby can be useful in case of emergencies (and never leave burning candles unattended!) Have fun experimenting with colors and fragrances as you create your own special candles!

Selecting Wax

When choosing a wax for your candles, you have many options. The most popular wax types are paraffin wax and soy wax. Here are some pros and cons to each type:

Paraffin Wax ” This is the most commonly used wax because it has the best burning characteristics and good scent retention capabilities. It also requires fewer additives in order to achieve desirable properties, making it easier to work with. However, paraffin is petroleum-based and can potentially be toxic if not properly tested or handled correctly.

Soy Wax ” Soy wax is more eco-friendly than paraffin since it’s derived from soybeans. It requires less heat in order to melt compared to other waxes, so it’s much easier on the hands when working with it. However, soy could potentially require more additives than paraffin due to its softer consistency and can possibly cause discoloring in finished products.

Other Types of Wax – There are many other types of wax such as beeswax, palmwax, rapeseedwax or carnauba wax that can be used for candlemaking depending on what type of look or scent you are trying to achieve with your candle product line. Each type of wax has various advantages and disadvantages that you should consider when starting out in your candlemaking project so make sure to do plenty of research beforehand in order to make informed decisions!

Melting the Wax

One of the most important steps in making candles is melting the wax. It’s critical to use optimal melting techniques and temperatures to ensure that you create a quality product. When melting your wax, there are numerous options such as using a double boiler, microwave, or hot plate. Each of these methods has its own benefits and drawbacks, so it’s important to understand how to properly use them before attempting any type of wax melting.

What Is The Best Wax To Use When Making Candles

When melting with a double boiler, it is best to fill half of the double boiler container with water and place clean wax into the upper portion. Place the containers onto your stovetop and set it to medium heat. The wax will melt slowly, so keep checking for consistency until all pieces have melted out before transferring it into another container for easier pouring. Using this method ensures that the wax never exceeds 200°F (93°C) which is the optimal temperature for candlemaking.

On the other hand, microwaves are much faster than a double boiler but require more attention during use due to their stronger heating power; they can easily overheat your wax if not properly monitored. Start by microwaving on low power and check every 15″30 seconds until your wax has completely melted down. Make sure to stir chunks regularly while microwaving until they separate from each other; this prevents any potential fires from happening during the process.

Using a hot plate can be tricky since it’s likely you don’t have a specific temperature gauge attached like when using a double boiler or microwave. Before you start pouring your melted wax onto molds or mixing colors together however, make sure to first test-pour some of your molten liquid onto paper towels or scrap cardboard in order to look for any discoloration or smoke occurring from overheating (this usually occurs at 300°F). Anything accepted as safe should not form smoke nor have discoloration on its surface after letting it cool off for several minutes where then you can proceed with confidence knowing that it meets the optimal temperature range recommended for candlemaking!

Adding Fragrances & Coloring

Once you have mastered the basics of candle making, you can begin to explore adding fragrances and colors to make uniquely designed candles. Adding fragrances and colors to candles is a great way to create something special and unique for any occasion. Some basic candle-making supplies include a heat proof container, wax flakes, wick holder, paper cups, scissors, double boiler or metal pan set on top of a medium saucepan full of water (for heating the wax), thermometer, scales, fragrance or essential oils (optional), dyes or food coloring (optional), stirring stick or spoon, pot holders and safety goggles (always wear when handling hot wax). Begin by setting up your work area with all of your materials.

Next decide whether you want to add fragrance or essential oil to your candles and measure out the required amount using scales. If adding color instead of fragrance then measure out a few drops of food coloring or dye equal to the amount recommended on the package. Once measurements have been determined add both fragrance/color as well as wax flakes into the double boiler over low/medium heat until all ingredients combine into one liquid form. Using pot holders carefully remove the heated container from heat and place onto a heat resistant surface like ceramic tile where it is safe for handling. Check for desired consistency before pouring; too thick means not enough heat whilst too thin could mean over heated mixture which will result in fragile candles that break easily once cooled.

Once liquid mix has reached desired color/texture pour into paper cups keeping an eye on level so not too much excess is added as this will increase cooling time significantly. Allow candles to cool completely before attempting removal from paper cup molds ensureing all sides have solidified correctly with no air bubbles before placing into designated position for storage.

Filling Containers

When it comes to candle making, getting the wick in the correct place and safely filling containers with hot wax is key to success. Here are a few tips for filling containers correctly when it comes to making your own candles.

1. Always leave a bit of space at the top of your candle container. This will allow room for expansion as the wax melts, which helps to prevent leakage through the sides or lids of the container.

2. Use a thermometer to check that the wax temperature has not exceeded 176 °F (80 °C). When making a larger batch of candles, you can use room-temperature wax as it won’t shrink from heat shock when poured into jars or other containers.

3. Ensure that your wicks have been pre-waxed with stabilizers before pouring them into the container, else they will sink to the bottom and become ineffective for burning your candle properly. You can buy pre-made wicks or make them yourself using cotton twine and stiff collars made from tin foil or paper rolled into cones shaped like upside down rain hats! Once you have your wicks ready, insert them firmly into each container prior to pouring in the hot wax.

4. For extra stability and an even burn, use a jig or wooden stick placed horizontally across each container’s opening while aligning wicks at different intervals (this will help keep each one vertical.). Holding this tool in place prevents any shifting due to vibrations that may occur during pouring. As you pour, be sure to slowly rotate each jig in small circles if necessary in order to evenly distribute hot melted wax throughout all containers simultaneously while keeping wicks centered.

How Much Oil To Use In Candle Making

5. After pouring, allow candles to sit undisturbed until wax has cooled completely before trimming excess soot buildup near each fire-resistant wick for an optimal burn with best results every time!

Allowing the Candles to Cool

When it comes to allowing the candles to cool, it is important that after you have poured the hot wax mixture into the molds (or containers) the candles have room to cool and harden without being disturbed. It is best to leave them be for a period of no less than eight hours before unmolding. As for troubleshooting, there are several common issues that may arise when making candles, such as burning too quickly or not burning at all.

In terms of aftercare when not in use, be sure to store your cooled and hardened candles away from any direct heat or sunlight, as this can cause colors to fade and heavily impact the scent over time. Additionally, you should avoid stacking multiple candles on top of each other in order to prevent deforming shapes and issues related to possible dripping caused by contact with heated surfaces. Lastly, if you notice the wick beginning to become warped or misaligned, be sure to clip it down with a pair of sharp scissors before relighting – this will ensure a uniform burn throughout.

Trimming the Wick

Making sure your wick is correctly trimmed before lighting your candle can have a significant impact on how long and cleanly it burns. To ensure your candle burns properly, you should make sure to trim the wick to about ¼ of an inch before burning it. This will help to prevent any flickering, smoking or soot buildup in the flame. It is also important to trim the wick after each time you extinguish your candle in order to keep the flame at its ideal height during subsequent burnings. Lastly, make sure that you are only using an approved candle snuffer in order to safely extinguish your candle instead of blowing it out with your breath.

Final Touches

Packaging: There are many options when it comes to packaging candles. Depending on the type of candle you are making, you can use simple tins, cellophane bags or boxes. Add decorations around your packaging such as twine or ribbon to give your product a more personal feel. Stickers can also be a great way to create labeling for your product.

Display: When it comes to displaying your candles, simplicity is always best. Set them up in an eye-catching display to draw attention from potential buyers and use colorful props like plants or wood cutouts to show off the colors and designs of your work. Displaying candles at different heights and angles can also help bring out the colors and shapes in each candle.

Accessorizing: Accessorizing is all about adding that finishing touch before selling your candles. To give customers various uses for their candles, consider adding wicks, matches, umbrellas or scented oils for them to experiment with once they take their candle home. Also add instructions so that customers know how best to use their purchased product and how long it will last them if properly managed.


Candles are more than just a source of light, they can also be creative works of art. Handcrafted candles make the perfect gift for loved ones since they are unique and one-of-a-kind. Each candle is created with its own special scent, color, shape and design. This ensures that no two candles are ever the same. With handmade candles, you always have something to give to your friends or family that expresses your creative vision.

Candles provide a particularly meaningful way to show appreciation for someone’s birthday or other special occasion. Handmade candles can contain decorative messages or symbols that express love, admiration and concern for another person. These individualized touches make handmade candles stand out from mass-produced products found in stores. Additionally, giving someone naturally scented and hand poured wax creates an incredibly memorable treasure that lasts long after the flame is extinguished.

When you choose handcrafted candles as gifts for others, your thoughtfulness shines through as each person cherishes what was made especially for them. Expressing your creativity through handmade items like candles is only limited by your imagination and it’s a sure way to get people talking about how much fun it was creating them! By sharing the joy of making these special works of art with others, you create memories that will last a lifetime while showing the true care and dedication put into the process of creating these beautiful treats!

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