Korean Candle Making

Candle making is a practice that has transcended time and cultures, serving as a symbol of light, warmth, and spirituality. In Korea, this ancient craft holds a special place in the hearts of its people, as it represents both tradition and artistic expression. From its humble beginnings in ancient rituals to the sophisticated craftsmanship seen today, Korean candle making is truly a glowing tradition.

With a history spanning thousands of years, candle making in Korea has evolved and adapted to the changing times. Initially used in religious ceremonies and royal rituals, candles were considered sacred objects that brought enlightenment and guidance. Over time, the craft expanded beyond its spiritual significance and became an essential part of everyday life. Today, Korean candles are not only cherished for their practicality but also admired for their intricate designs and cultural symbolism.

At the core of Korean candle making is the use of traditional ingredients and techniques that have been passed down through generations. The artistry lies in selecting the right types of wax, wicks, pigments, and scents to create beautiful and functional candles. Each ingredient has its own purpose – imparting color, fragrance or even certain healing properties. From beeswax to soy wax, from hand-dipping to molding techniques, every step is carefully executed to ensure the highest quality.

In this article series on Korean Candle Making, we will delve into various aspects of this captivating craft. We will explore the rich history behind candle making in Korea – from its roots in ancient rituals to its role in modern craftsmanship. We will also uncover the traditional ingredients and techniques used by artisans to create these masterpieces with unwavering dedication.

Join us on this illuminating journey as we unravel the secrets of Korean candle making – from understanding the science behind it to learning how you can embark on your own creative journey through workshops or by creating your own unique designs at home. Discover ways to infuse serenity and warmth into your space, and embrace the healing power of candles through aromatherapy and meditation.

Let’s delve into the enchanting world of Korean candle making together and discover the beauty that lies within this time-honored tradition.

History of Candle Making in Korea

The history of candle making in Korea is a fascinating journey that spans centuries, beginning with its roots in ancient rituals and evolving into the modern craftsmanship we see today. Candle making in Korea dates back to as early as the Three Kingdoms period (57 BC – 668 AD), where candles played a vital role in various religious and cultural practices.

During this time, candles were primarily made using animal fat and plant-based waxes like beeswax and tallow. The ingredients were melted together and poured into molds made from clay or bronze. These early candles served both practical purposes, such as providing light during nighttime, and spiritual purposes, such as ceremonial offerings.

As time went on, candle making techniques evolved and became more sophisticated. In the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392 AD), specialized candle workshops were established to meet the growing demand for rituals and ceremonies. Artisans began experimenting with different materials, such as traditional Korean lacquer (ottchil) and pine resin, to create candles with unique fragrances and colors.

In the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1897 AD), candle making continued to flourish as it became an integral part of daily life in Korea. Candles were used not only for lighting but also for artistic expression. Intricate patterns were carved onto the surfaces of candles using special tools, showcasing the craftsmanship and creativity of Korean artisans.

Today, Korean candle making has evolved into a modern art form that combines tradition with contemporary aesthetics. While traditional ingredients like beeswax are still used, artisans also experiment with various types of natural waxes like soybean wax or vegetable-based waxes. Techniques have become more refined, allowing for the creation of complex designs and patterns that reflect Korea’s rich culture and heritage.

The history of candle making in Korea is a testament to the country’s enduring traditions and dedication to preserving its cultural heritage. Through each era, candles have played a significant role not only as a source of illumination but also as a symbol of spirituality and artistic expression. The next section will delve into the traditional ingredients and techniques used in Korean candle making, shedding light on the artistry behind this ancient craft.

EpochKey Developments
Three Kingdoms Period (57 BC – 668 AD) – Candles made from animal fat and plant-based waxes like beeswax and tallow
– Use in religious and cultural practices.
– Molds made from clay or bronze
Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392 AD) – Specialized candle workshops established
– Experimentation with traditional Korean lacquer (ottchil) and pine resin.
– Creation of candles with unique fragrances and colors
Joseon Dynasty (1392-1897 AD) – Candle making becomes integral to daily life in Korea
– Intricate patterns carved onto candle surfaces using special tools.
– Introduction of artistic expression through candles

Traditional Ingredients and Techniques

Candle making in Korea is rooted in a rich history that goes back centuries. The traditional ingredients and techniques used in Korean wax craft play a key role in creating unique and beautiful candles. Let’s delve deeper into this art form and discover the secrets behind its craftsmanship.

One of the most important ingredients used in Korean candle making is beeswax. Known for its natural beauty and luxurious scent, beeswax has been favored by artisans throughout history. The process of obtaining beeswax involves harvesting honeycombs from beehives and then rendering them to extract the wax. This sustainable ingredient not only adds a pleasant aroma to candles but also ensures a clean and long-lasting burn.

Another commonly used ingredient is traditional pigment powders derived from natural sources such as red clay, charcoal, or flower petals. These pigments add color to the candles without compromising their natural properties. Torch wicks made from hemp or cotton are often used for lighting the candles, ensuring even burning without releasing harmful substances into the air.

In terms of techniques, “dipping” is one of the oldest methods used in Korean candle making. This technique involves repeatedly dipping a wick attached to a rod into a wax vat until layers of wax build up, gradually forming the desired shape. The layers create an intriguing texture that enhances candle aesthetics.

Another technique employed by Korean candle makers is “carving.” Intricate designs are meticulously carved onto solid blocks of wax before they are molded into various shapes. Skilled craftsmen use special tools to carefully carve out delicate patterns, resulting in exquisite and detailed creations.

Overall, traditional ingredients like beeswax along with techniques like dipping and carving contribute to the uniqueness of Korean wax craft. By exploring these age-old methods, artisans continue to preserve this art form while incorporating contemporary innovations for modern appeal. Whether it’s creating symbolic shapes or intricate patterns, there are endless possibilities when it comes to Korean candle making.

What to Know When Making Candles

Popular Korean Candle Designs

Korean candle making is not only a craft, but also an art form that showcases a wide range of unique and beautiful designs. From symbolic shapes deeply rooted in Korean culture to intricate patterns inspired by nature, these candle designs are known for their aesthetic appeal and their ability to evoke a sense of serenity and tranquility.

One popular type of Korean candle design is the lotus flower. In Korean culture, the lotus flower symbolizes purity, enlightenment, and spiritual growth. The intricate details of the petals and the serene aura it exudes make it a perfect choice for creating a calming atmosphere in any space.

Lotuses can be found in various colors such as pink, white, or yellow, each representing different meanings. Some candles feature lotus flowers floating on water, mimicking its natural habitat and emphasizing its symbolism.

Another common design found in Korean candles is the traditional hanbok dress pattern. The hanbok is the traditional clothing worn by Koreans for centuries and holds great cultural significance. These patterns often feature vibrant colors and intricate embroidery designs that reflect traditional Korean aesthetics. Using these patterns on candles adds a touch of elegance to any space while paying homage to Korea’s rich cultural heritage.

Nature-inspired designs are also popular in Korean candle making. Candles shaped like animals such as birds or butterflies are commonly seen as they represent freedom, beauty, and transformation. Floral patterns like roses or cherry blossoms are also highly favored for their delicate beauty and association with love and beauty.

Unveiling the Science Behind Korean Candle Making

One of the fascinating aspects of Korean candle making is the science behind the creation of these beautiful wax creations. Understanding the chemistry of wax is essential to achieving successful and high-quality candles. From choosing the right type of wax to understanding how it interacts with fragrances and dyes, there is a lot to explore when it comes to the scientific aspect of this ancient craft.

Wax, the main ingredient in candles, is derived from various sources such as beeswax, soybean oil, and paraffin. Each type has its own unique properties that affect the quality and appearance of the finished candle. Beeswax is known for its natural golden color and pleasant honey-like scent.

Soybean wax is popular among those seeking a more eco-friendly option, as it is renewable and biodegradable. Paraffin wax is commonly used due to its affordability and ability to hold fragrance well.

The chemistry behind candle making involves understanding how different waxes behave when heated and cooled, as well as their relationship with additives like fragrances and dyes. The melting point of wax determines how fast a candle will burn, while the cooling rate affects its surface appearance and texture.

Adding fragrances requires careful consideration as certain scents can affect the burning properties or visual appeal of a candle. Additionally, adding dyes or colorants should be done carefully to ensure they blend evenly with the wax without affecting its performance.

Type of WaxMain IngredientProperties
BeeswaxNatural beeswaxGolden color, honey-like scent
Soybean waxSoybean oilEco-friendly, renewable, biodegradable
Paraffin waxPetroleum byproductAffordable, holds fragrance well

By understanding the chemistry of wax and its interactions with other ingredients, Korean candle makers are able to create candles that not only look beautiful but also burn efficiently and emit pleasant scents. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced candle maker, delving into the science behind this traditional craft can enhance your understanding and appreciation for the art of Korean candle making.

Step-by-Step Guide to Korean Candle Making

Candle making is a wonderful craft that allows you to create beautiful and unique pieces while also experiencing the therapeutic benefits of working with wax. In this section, we will explore the step-by-step process of Korean candle making, from melting the wax to creating your own masterpiece.

The first step in Korean candle making is gathering all the necessary materials. You will need wax, a double boiler or a melting pot, candle wicks, scissors, and a thermometer. Additionally, you may want to have fragrance oils or essential oils for scenting your candles, as well as dyes if you wish to add color.

After gathering your materials, it’s time to melt the wax. Begin by filling the bottom of the double boiler or melting pot with water and place it on low heat. Once the water starts simmering, place the top part of the double boiler or your pouring pot containing the wax pellets on top. Allow the wax to gradually melt, stirring occasionally with a wooden spoon.

Once the wax has completely melted and reached its desired temperature (usually around 175-180 degrees Fahrenheit), it’s time to prepare your candle molds. This can be done by securing the wick in place at the bottom center of each mold using a hot glue gun or a small amount of melted wax. Make sure that the wick stands upright and is centered in each mold.

Now comes the fun part – pouring the melted wax into your prepared molds. Gently pour the melted wax into each mold until they are filled to your desired level. It’s important to leave some space at the top to allow for contraction during cooling. If you’re adding any fragrance oils or dyes, this is also when you would do it – simply stir them into your melted wax before pouring.

Allow your candles to cool and solidify completely – this process usually takes a couple of hours. Once the candles have hardened, you can carefully remove them from the molds. Trim the wicks to about half an inch and your Korean candles are ready to light up your space with their warm glow and beautiful designs.

Korean candle making is a creative and satisfying craft that allows you to express your own style and personality while also creating a serene and cozy atmosphere in your home. With this step-by-step guide, you can now embark on your own journey into the art of Korean candle making, and enjoy both the process itself and the beautiful results that come from it.

The Healing Power of Korean Candles

Korean candles not only serve as decorative pieces but also possess the power to promote healing and relaxation through the practice of aromatherapy and meditation. The use of essential oils and specific candle scents can create a serene atmosphere, allowing individuals to experience a deeper sense of well-being.

Aromatherapy with Korean Candles

One key aspect of Korean candle making is the incorporation of various essential oils and natural scents into the wax. These scents are chosen not only for their pleasant aroma but also for their therapeutic properties. Aromatherapy, which involves using plant extracts to enhance physical and mental well-being, can be achieved through the use of these scented candles.

Essential oils such as lavender, chamomile, and eucalyptus are commonly used in Korean candle making due to their calming and soothing effects. Lighting a lavender-scented candle can help relax the mind and body, relieve stress, and promote better sleep. Eucalyptus-scented candles are known for their respiratory benefits, helping to clear congestion and support easier breathing.

Meditation with Korean Candles

Korean candles provide an ideal focal point for meditation practice. Lighting a candle during meditation helps create a tranquil ambiance that aids in concentration and mindfulness. By focusing on the flickering flame or the gentle glow that emanates from the candlelight, individuals can draw their attention inward, quieting their minds and promoting inner peace.

Colonial Candle Making Pictures

To make the most of meditation with Korean candles, it is important to find a calm space where you won’t be disturbed. Set up your candle in front of you at eye level, allowing its light to gently illuminate your surroundings. Take deep breaths as you observe the flame or the patterns created by melting wax – this will help relax your mind and remove distractions.

Incorporating aromatherapy techniques with meditation can further enhance your experience. Choose a scented candle that complements the intention of your practice – for example, lemongrass for energy and focus, or bergamot for relaxation and stress relief.

Overall, combining aromatherapy and meditation with Korean candles can have a profound effect on one’s well-being, allowing for a deeper sense of relaxation, focus, and restoration.

Korean Candle Making Workshops

If you’re interested in experiencing the artistic process of Korean candle making firsthand, there are several workshops that offer the opportunity to learn and create your own masterpiece. These workshops not only provide a chance to learn the traditional techniques of Korean wax craft but also allow participants to immerse themselves in the peaceful and meditative atmosphere that accompanies this ancient tradition.

One popular workshop is held at the Bukchon Traditional Culture Center in Seoul. In this workshop, participants can learn from experienced artisans who have mastered the art of Korean candle making. The instructors guide participants through each step of the process, from melting the wax to shaping and decorating the candles. This hands-on experience allows participants to gain a deeper understanding and appreciation for this ancient craft.

For those who prefer a more immersive experience, there are also multi-day workshops available where participants can stay at a traditional Hanok guesthouse while learning candle making. These workshops often include cultural activities such as tea ceremonies and hanbok (traditional Korean clothing) experiences, providing a comprehensive introduction to Korean culture alongside candle making.

In addition to these formal workshops, there are also many smaller studios and craft shops throughout Korea that offer candle making classes. These classes vary in length and difficulty level, catering to both beginners and more experienced candle makers. Some workshops even specialize in specific types of candles, such as soy wax or aromatherapy candles, allowing participants to explore different aspects of Korean candle making.

Attending a workshop or class not only provides a unique opportunity to learn an ancient craft but also allows individuals to tap into their creativity and find relaxation through mindful creation. Whether you choose to participate in a formal workshop or visit a local studio, experiencing the artistic process firsthand will surely deepen your appreciation for the beauty and serenity of Korean candle making.

Lighting up Your Space with Korean Candles

Korean candles are not only beautiful works of art, but they also have the ability to create a warm and serene atmosphere in any space. Whether you are looking to enhance your home decor or create a calming ambiance for a special occasion, Korean candles can be the perfect addition. In this section, we will explore creative ideas and DIY decor tips for lighting up your space with Korean candles.

Choosing the Right Candle

When selecting Korean candles for your space, consider both the design and fragrance. Many traditional Korean candles feature symbolic shapes such as lotus flowers, butterflies, or clouds, which can add a touch of elegance and meaning to your decor. Additionally, pay attention to the fragrance of the candle. Different scents have different effects on mood and emotions, so choose one that aligns with the ambiance you want to create. For example, lavender-scented candles are known for their calming properties.

Creating Candle Arrangements

One creative way to incorporate Korean candles into your space is by creating candle arrangements. Grouping candles of different sizes and shapes together can add visual interest and make a statement in any room. Consider placing them on a tray or decorative plate as a centerpiece on your dining table or coffee table. You can also arrange them on floating shelves or in wall sconces for an eye-catching display.

Incorporating Candles into Existing Decor

If you prefer a more subtle approach, you can incorporate Korean candles into your existing decor by using them as accent pieces. Place a few small candles on bookshelves or side tables next to other decorative items like vases or picture frames. This will not only bring warmth and glow to your space but also add an element of surprise and interest.

Whether you choose to create candle arrangements or use them as accent pieces, Korean candles have the power to transform your space into a soothing sanctuary. Experiment with different designs, fragrances, and arrangements to find creative ways to incorporate them into your decor. With their timeless beauty and calming aura, Korean candles are sure to add a touch of serenity to any room.


In conclusion, the art of Korean candle making brings to light the rich history and cultural significance that has been passed down through generations. From ancient rituals to modern craftsmanship, this glowing tradition continues to captivate and inspire people around the world.

By using traditional ingredients and techniques, Korean wax craft celebrates the beauty of simplicity and elegance. The symbolic shapes and intricate patterns found in Korean candle designs reflect a deep connection to nature, spirituality, and life’s journey. Each candle tells a story and adds a touch of serenity and tranquility to any space it illuminates.

Understanding the chemistry of wax not only showcases the science behind Korean candle making but also highlights its sustainable qualities. Natural waxes such as soy or beeswax are used, promoting an eco-friendly approach towards creating these beautiful works of art.

Through hands-on workshops, individuals can experience the artistic process firsthand and unleash their creativity by crafting their own masterpiece. These workshops provide a unique opportunity to connect with expert candle makers who guide participants through each step, from melting wax to creating personalized designs.

Whether it is for relaxation, meditation, or enhancing the atmosphere of a room, lighting up your space with Korean candles brings warmth and serenity into your daily life. Letting the soft glow of a handmade Korean candle envelop you in its subtle fragrance is an experience that can awaken your senses and create moments of tranquility in today’s fast-paced world.

Embracing the warmth and serenity of Korean candle making allows us to appreciate not only its aesthetic beauty but also its ability to soothe our souls. It is both an art form and a therapeutic practice that invites us to slow down, reconnect with ourselves, and find solace in the gentle flicker of a flame.

So why not immerse yourself in this age-old tradition? Light up a Korean candle today and let its warm glow embrace your space and spirit.

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