What Is Gel Wax Used in Candle Making

Gel wax is a popular and innovative material used in candle making that adds a unique touch to traditional wax candles. With its transparent and jelly-like appearance, gel wax provides endless creative possibilities for crafting beautiful and decorative candles. This article will explore the fascinating world of gel wax in candle making, from its history and origins to its unique properties and benefits.

Candle making has been a cherished craft for centuries, with various materials used to create different types of candles. In recent years, gel wax has gained popularity among candle makers due to its versatility and aesthetic appeal. Initially developed as a clear medium for embedding objects in candles, gel wax soon became famous for its ability to produce stunning translucent candles that resemble water or crystals.

But what exactly is gel wax? Unlike traditional waxes made from animal or plant sources, gel wax is composed primarily of mineral oil mixed with a polymer resin. This combination gives it the characteristic transparent appearance and firm yet flexible texture that sets it apart from other candle-making materials. Gel wax also has a higher melting point than traditional waxes, allowing it to hold fragrance oils and colorants exceptionally well.

The next sections will delve deeper into the history of gel wax, the different types available in the market, and the wide range of benefits it offers when used in candle making. Additionally, we will provide step-by-step guidelines on how to use gel wax effectively while emphasizing important safety precautions to consider.

Whether you are new to the world of candle making or an experienced crafter looking for inspiration, this article aims to inspire you with creative ideas and techniques for using gel wax in your next candle project. So let’s dive into this captivating realm where imagination meets craftsmanship as we explore the endless possibilities of using gel wax in candle making.

History of gel wax and its origin

The history of gel wax in candle making can be traced back to the early 20th century. Gel wax was initially developed as a transparent fuel for camp stoves and heating devices. However, its unique properties soon caught the attention of candle makers, leading to its adaptation for creating innovative and decorative candles.

Gel wax was first introduced to the market by Penreco, a company based in Houston, Texas, in the late 1980s. It quickly gained popularity among candle enthusiasts due to its ability to hold a significant amount of fragrance oil and allow for creative designs and customization.

Unlike traditional waxes such as soy wax or paraffin wax, the main component of gel wax is mineral oil. This gives it its unique translucent appearance and allows it to hold shape well when cooled. Initially, gel wax was made with a combination of polymer resin and mineral oil, but advancements in technology have led to the development of different types of gel waxes with varying melting points and consistency.

Over time, gel wax has evolved to offer different levels of clarity, viscosity, and burn characteristics. Today, there are several types of gel wax available in the market, including high-density gel wax that creates more solid candles, low-density gel wax that produces crystal-like candles, and medium-density gel waxes that offer a balance between clarity and hardness.

The use of gel wax in candle making has revolutionized the industry by allowing crafters to create unique and visually stunning candles. Its transparency provides opportunities for adding embeds such as botanicals or decorative objects within the candle itself. The ability to suspend materials also means that layered designs or even personalized messages can be incorporated into gel candles.

High-Density Gel WaxA dense type of gel wax that creates solid candles with a high level of clarity
Low-Density Gel WaxA more fluid gel wax that produces crystal-like candles and allows for easy embedding of objects within the candle
Medium-Density Gel WaxA versatile gel wax that offers a balance between clarity, hardness, and ease of embedding materials

What is gel wax and its unique properties

Gel wax is a unique type of wax that is used in candle making. Unlike traditional paraffin or soy wax, gel wax has a translucent appearance and a consistency similar to gelatin. This gives candles made with gel wax a distinctive look and allows for creative designs that are not possible with other types of wax.

One of the unique properties of gel wax is its ability to hold fragrance and color much better than other waxes. Because of its composition, gel wax can absorb more fragrance oil, resulting in a stronger scent when the candle is burned. Additionally, the clarity of gel wax allows for vibrant colors to be added, creating beautiful and eye-catching candles.

Another benefit of using gel wax is its long burn time. Gel candles have been known to burn up to twice as long as traditional candles made with paraffin or soy wax. This makes them not only visually appealing but also practical.

TranslucencyGel wax has a translucent appearance, allowing for unique designs.
Fragrance RetentionGel wax can hold fragrance oils better than other waxes, resulting in stronger scented candles.
Color VibrancyThe clarity of gel wax allows for vibrant colors to be added to candles.
Long Burn TimeGel candles have a longer burn time compared to traditional candles made with other waxes.

These unique properties make gel wax a popular choice for candle makers who want to create candles that are not only visually appealing but also have a strong scent and long burn time. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced candle maker, experimenting with gel wax can open up a whole new world of possibilities in candle making.

Different types of gel wax available in the market

There are several different types of gel wax available in the market for candle making. Each type offers unique properties and characteristics that can influence the final outcome of your candles. Here are some of the most common types of gel wax you may come across:

  1. Clear Gel Wax: Clear gel wax is the most popular type used in candle making. It is transparent and produces a crystal-clear finish, allowing for beautiful floating embeds and designs within the candle. This type of gel wax also has a high fragrance load capacity, resulting in strong and long-lasting scents.
  2. Opalescent Gel Wax: Opalescent gel wax gives off a pearl-like shimmer when it solidifies, adding an elegant touch to your candles. It provides a slightly translucent appearance, allowing light to pass through while still maintaining its opalescence.
  3. Colored Gel Wax: Colored gel waxes are available in various shades and hues, allowing you to create candles with vibrant and eye-catching colors. These colored gel waxes come pre-tinted, saving you time and effort in dyeing them yourself.
  4. Scented Gel Wax: Scented gel waxes come infused with fragrance oils, eliminating the need for additional scent additives during candle making. They offer convenience by combining both the fragrance and wax into one product.
  5. Specialty Gel Waxes: Apart from the standard clear, opalescent, colored, and scented varieties, there are also specialty gel waxes available in the market. These include UV resistant gel waxes, which prevent discoloration from exposure to sunlight; high-density gel waxes that have increased rigidity; low-density or soft gels that create a more realistic jelly-like appearance; and even eco-friendly options made from natural ingredients.
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With such a wide range of options available, you can choose the type of gel wax that best suits your preferences and desired candle designs. Experimenting with different types of gel waxes can add a unique touch to your candles and help you explore new possibilities in candle making.

Benefits of using gel wax in candle making

Gel wax is a versatile and popular choice for candle making due to its numerous benefits. Here are some key advantages of using gel wax in candle making:

  1. Transparency: One of the main benefits of gel wax is its transparency. Unlike traditional waxes, gel wax has a clear and glass-like appearance, which allows for a unique and visually appealing finished product. This transparency creates beautiful and elegant candles that can be used as decorative pieces or even as centerpieces for special events.
  2. Longer Burn Time: Another advantage of using gel wax is its longer burn time compared to other types of waxes. Due to its composition, gel wax tends to burn slower and more evenly, resulting in candles that last longer. This makes them an excellent choice for those who enjoy longer-lasting fragrances or simply want their candles to have a longer lifespan.
  3. Versatility: Gel wax offers tremendous versatility when it comes to candle making. It can be easily colored with liquid dyes or tinted with powdered pigments, allowing for endless possibilities in creating custom-colored candles. Additionally, because gel wax is a softer type of wax, it can be easily molded into various shapes and sizes without the need for additional materials or equipment.

In summary, the benefits of using gel wax in candle making include its transparency, longer burn time, and versatility in terms of coloring and shaping. These advantages make gel wax an excellent choice for both beginners and experienced candle makers who are looking to create distinctive and long-lasting candles that enhance any space they are placed in.

List of Benefits

  • Transparency
  • Longer burn time
  • Versatility

Step by step guide on how to use gel wax in candle making

Candle making is a popular and creative hobby that allows individuals to express their artistic side while also creating a sense of ambiance and aroma in their homes. Gel wax, a unique type of wax, has gained popularity among candle makers due to its distinct properties and versatility. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to use gel wax in candle making.

  1. Gather the necessary materials: To start, you will need gel wax, fragrance oil or essential oils for scenting the candle, colorants (optional), wicks, containers or molds for the candles, a double boiler or microwave-safe container for melting the gel wax, a thermometer, and any decorations you plan to use.
  2. Prepare your work area: Ensure that your work area is clean and free from any flammable materials. Place newspaper or a protective cover on your workspace to catch any spills or drips that may occur during the process.
  3. Melt the gel wax: Using a double boiler or microwave-safe container, melt the gel wax according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure to monitor the temperature using a thermometer as overheating can cause the gel wax to lose its clarity.
  4. Add fragrance and color: Once the gel wax has reached its melting point, remove it from heat and add your chosen fragrance oil or essential oils at about 6-10% of the total weight of the gel wax. If desired, add colorants according to the instructions provided with them.
  5. Pour into containers or molds: Before pouring the melted gel wax into your chosen containers or molds, make sure they are clean and dry. Place pre-tabbed wicks in each container ensuring they are centered and secure.
  6. Let it cool and cure: Allow the candles to cool completely at room temperature without disturbing them. Gel wax typically takes longer to solidify compared to other types of wax, so be patient and avoid moving or touching the candles until they have fully hardened. This curing process may take several hours to a day.
  7. Trim the wicks: Once the candles have solidified and cooled completely, trim the wicks to about ¼ inch above the surface of the candle. This will ensure a clean and even burn when the candle is lit.

By following these simple steps, you can successfully create beautiful gel wax candles that are not only visually appealing but also emit a lovely scent when burned. Experiment with different fragrances, colors, and container styles to create unique designs that reflect your personal style and taste. With a little practice and creativity, you can enjoy the art of candle making using gel wax.

Safety precautions to consider while working with gel wax

Choose a well-ventilated workspace

When working with gel wax, it is important to choose a well-ventilated workspace. This will help to prevent the buildup of fumes that can be released during the melting and pouring process. Open windows and doors or use fans to ensure good air circulation. If you are working in an enclosed space, consider using a ventilation hood or wearing a mask to protect yourself from inhaling any potentially harmful fumes.

Protect your skin and eyes

Gel wax can become very hot during the melting process, so it is important to take steps to protect your skin from burns. Always wear heat-resistant gloves when handling hot containers or pouring melted gel wax. Additionally, wear protective goggles or safety glasses to shield your eyes from splashes or spills.

Use proper equipment

When working with gel wax, it is crucial to use the appropriate equipment to ensure your safety. Use a double boiler or a dedicated melting pot specifically designed for candle making to melt the gel wax. Avoid using pots or pans that you also use for cooking food, as this can lead to cross-contamination.

Additionally, use a thermometer to monitor the temperature of the gel wax throughout the process. This will help prevent overheating and reduce the risk of accidents such as fires or injuries caused by hot wax.

Never leave melting wax unattended

It is essential to never leave melting gel wax unattended. The high temperatures involved in melting the wax pose a fire hazard if left unsupervised. Stay in close proximity and keep an eye on the melting process at all times.

Keep flammable materials away

Ensure that flammable materials such as paper towels, fabric, or other combustible substances are kept away from your workspace when working with gel wax. This will greatly minimize the risk of accidental fires or other dangerous situations.

By following these safety precautions, you can enjoy the creative and rewarding process of working with gel wax while keeping yourself and your surroundings safe. Remember to always prioritize safety and take the necessary steps to prevent accidents or injuries during your candle making endeavors.

Creative ideas and techniques for using gel wax in candle making

Gel wax is a versatile material that offers exciting possibilities for creative candle making. With its unique transparency and ability to suspend decorative objects, gel wax opens up a whole new world of design options. Here are some creative ideas and techniques to inspire you in using gel wax in your candle making projects.

  1. Embedding Objects: One of the most popular techniques with gel wax is embedding objects within the candle. Whether it’s seashells, dried flowers, or even small figurines, gel wax can hold them in suspended animation, creating eye-catching visual effects.
    To achieve this, simply pour a layer of melted gel wax into the container, arrange your chosen objects on top, and then pour another layer of gel wax to encase them. This technique allows you to create personalized candles for special occasions or themed events.
  2. Layering Colors: Another way to enhance the visual appeal of your gel candles is by layering different colors of gel wax. Pour one color at a time and allow each layer to set before adding the next one. This technique creates beautiful gradient effects that add depth and dimension to your candles. Experiment with various color combinations to match your home decor or add a touch of vibrancy to any space.
  3. Incorporating Fragrances: While traditional candles release scents as they burn through their wicks, gel candles offer an opportunity to embed fragrances directly into the wax itself. You can find fragrance oils specifically formulated for use with gel wax on the market.
    Add these oils during the melting process and stir well to evenly distribute the scent throughout the clear gel base. As the candle burns, it will not only emit lovely scents but also showcase stunning visual effects due to the transparent nature of gel wax.
What Is Hot Throw in Candle Making

These are just a few ideas to get you started on exploring the creative possibilities of using gel wax in candle making. Remember that experimentation is key when working with this medium, so don’t be afraid to try new techniques and find your own unique style. Whether you’re making candles for personal enjoyment or as gifts for others, the beauty and versatility of gel wax will surely elevate your candle-making experience.

Frequently asked questions about gel wax in candle making

As gel wax gains popularity in the world of candle making, many people have questions about this unique material. In this section, we will address some frequently asked questions to provide a clearer understanding of gel wax and its use in candle making.

  1. What is the melting point of gel wax?
  2. Gel wax has a higher melting point compared to traditional waxes used in candle making. Typically, gel wax melts at around 200-220°F (93-104°C), but it can vary depending on the specific brand or type of gel wax being used. It is important to closely monitor the temperature while melting gel wax to avoid any adverse effects.

  3. Can fragrances be added to gel wax?
  4. Yes, fragrances can be added to gel wax to create scented candles. However, it is important to use fragrance oils specifically designed for gel wax as they have a higher flashpoint and are suitable for use with this type of wax. Adding fragrance oils at a temperature above 170°F (77°C) is recommended for better scent throw.

  5. How long does a gel wax candle burn?
  6. The burn time of a gel wax candle can vary based on factors such as the size and shape of the container, the type and size of the wick, and the quality of the gel wax itself. Generally, gel candles tend to burn slower than traditional candles made from other waxes due to their composition. On average, a well-made gel wax candle can burn for approximately 25-35 hours per ounce.

  7. Can colorants be added to gel wax?
  8. Yes, colorants can be added to create vibrant and decorative candles using gel wax. Gel-specific liquid or dye chips are commonly used to add color to the transparent nature of gel candles. The amount of colorant needed may vary depending on personal preference and desired intensity.

  9. Are there any safety concerns while burning gel wax candles?
  10. While gel wax candles are generally safe to burn, it is important to follow some safety precautions. Always trim the wick to ¼ inch before each use and ensure that the candle is placed on a heat-resistant surface away from flammable objects. Avoid burning candles for long periods without supervision and never leave a burning candle unattended.

By addressing these frequently asked questions, we hope to have provided helpful information for those interested in working with gel wax in candle making. As with any new material or technique, it is always best to conduct proper research and experimentation to achieve the desired results and safety standards.


In conclusion, gel wax has emerged as a popular and versatile choice in candle making due to its unique properties and endless possibilities. With its transparent appearance and ability to hold a high fragrance load, gel wax offers a modern twist to traditional candle making.

The history of gel wax dates back to the early 1990s, where it was first introduced as an alternative for container candles. Since then, it has undergone several improvements and advancements, making it even more desirable for crafters and hobbyists.

One of the major benefits of using gel wax is its excellent scent throw. The transparency of the gel allows for a higher fragrance load compared to other types of wax, resulting in strong and long-lasting scents. Additionally, gel wax also holds colors well, allowing for vibrant and eye-catching creations.

When working with gel wax, it is important to follow safety precautions to ensure a smooth and hazard-free candle making experience. Always use heat-resistant containers and keep an eye on the temperature while melting the wax. Furthermore, be cautious when adding fragrance oils or dyes as they may affect the consistency of the gel.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between wax and gel candles?

The main difference between wax and gel candles lies in their composition and appearance. Wax candles are made from traditional candle wax, which can be derived from various sources such as beeswax, paraffin wax, or soy wax. These candles have a solid texture and burn by melting the wax around the wick.

On the other hand, gel candles are made from a clear jelly-like substance called “gel wax.” Gel wax is created through a blend of mineral oil and polymer resin, resulting in a unique transparent appearance that resembles a gelatinous substance. When lit, gel candles produce a mesmerizing glow due to the translucent nature of the gel.

What is gel wax candles?

Gel wax candles are a type of candle that utilizes gel wax as its main ingredient. As mentioned before, gel wax is produced by combining mineral oil with polymer resin. This combination gives it a jelly-like consistency that allows for creative and decorative possibilities not found in other types of candles.

Gel wax can be dyed various colors or incorporate decorative elements like sea shells or glass beads suspended within the gel itself. Due to its flexibility, artisans often use it for crafting complex or intricate designs within the candle.

Is gel wax better than soy wax?

The comparison between gel wax and soy wax ultimately depends on individual preferences and desired candle qualities rather than one being objectively better than the other.

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